Electromagnetic fields are generated wherever a voltage is present or current flows. Employees working at electrical equipment and installations can therefore always be assumed to be exposed to electromagnetic fields. The exposure of office workers to fields generated by electrical office equipment, such as computers, monitors, etc., is negligible owing to the low field strengths of these devices. Other field sources, for example on industrial installations for induction hardening and melting or on welding equipment, may however give rise to substantially higher field strengths that require more precise examination.
The biological effect of electromagnetic fields depends in the first instance upon their frequency and type (magnetic field, electric field or electromagnetic field). Further information on this topic can be found in Research Report FB400-E concerning electromagnetic fields at the workplace. This report discusses in detail the physical and physiological issues underlying human exposure to electromagnetic fields
If the exposure cannot be determined and evaluated based upon manufacturers' information, comparison with installations of the same type or simple analytical calculations, measurements must be performed. The results of the evaluation serve as the basis for assessment of possible hazards to the safety and health of workers at the workplace and for determining the necessary protective measures.
Workplaces at which workers with passive or active implants work must be considered separately in the risk assessment. In particular, electromagnetic fields may influence active implants such that the health of the affected individual is impaired. A dedicated evaluation of exposure at these individuals' workplaces is therefore absolutely essential. Individual accident insurance institutions and the IFA offer expert advice on the subject.
The findings and experience gained from the on-site measurements serve as valuable information that is used in the setting of regulations and limit values.
In turn, the results of projects based upon the situation within industry feed back into day-to-day practice.
Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS) (Information about electromagneitc fields in German))
Division 4: Ergonomics, Physical environmental factorsTel: +4930 13001-3480
Division 4: Ergonomics, Physical environmental factorsTel: +49 30 13001-3481
Division 4: Ergonomics, Physical environmental factorsTel: +49 30 13001-3482