Occupational medical prophylaxis

a woman with a eye-medical investigation

Source: © Dominik Buschardt, DGUV

The manifold health hazards employees may be exposed to in the workplace necessitate appropriate measures in the field of occupational medical prophylaxis. Even if high-priority technical and organizational occupational safety and health (OSH) measures are observed and personal protective equipment (PPE) used, practical scenarios can always threaten exposure to biological, chemical or physical hazards. What is more, some activities are accompanied by an unusually high risk of accident or health hazard to either those carrying out the activities or third parties.

The aim of occupational medical prophylaxis is to inform and advise insured individuals on health hazards. Health impairments are to be prevented or identified at an early stage, with any implications to be dealt with promptly. In addition to this individual type of prevention, occupational medical prophylaxis contributes to improvements in the protection of the health of all employees by using findings regarding the causes of occupational diseases as a basis for improvements in working conditions.

Occupational medical prophylaxis is also a means of testing the effectiveness of OSH measures. In addition, it simplifies the perpetuation of evidence in the instance of lawsuits involving occupational diseases, and in particular diseases with long latency periods.

The German social accident insurance institutions have created a highly effective set of tools for the minimization of health hazards to individuals in the workplace in the form of the accident prevention regulation "Occupational medical prophylaxis" (BGV A4/GUV 0.6/UVV 1.2), the DGUV’s principles of occupational medical prophylaxis examinations and related guidelines on occupational medical prophylaxis (BGI/GUV-I 504).

Occupational medical prophylaxis is an element of health protection in the workplace and therefore the legal responsibility of employers, who are to ensure that they fulfil their duties in accordance with regulations set out by both the German social accident insurance institutions and state authorities.


Dr. Ulrich Pällmann
Safety and Health Department
Health in the workplace
Tel. +49 30 13001-4542