Explosion of solvent vapour under pressure

Project No. FFFP 0222

Status:

completed 09/2005

Aims:

Correlation between ignition temperature of mixtures and mixture-proportions under pressures above normal pressure

Activities/Methods:

Experiments; measuring of ignition temperatures; variation of pressure and of mixtures

Results:

Investigations on auto ignition temperatures at elevated pressures up to 15 bar on binary mixtures (11 binary mixtures of flammable substances, 4 aqueous mixtures with at least 3 different compositions) and the respective pure substances have been carried out to derive estimation methods.

Taking into account data of pure substances published earlier by PTB the following results can be given:
The concentrations at which the auto ignition temperatures are found are high.
Pressure dependence for pure substances and binary mixtures:
The auto ignition temperatures decrease with increasing pressure whereas normally the largest decrease occurs between the auto ignition temperature at ambient pressure and the data at 2 bar. For pressures larger than 5 bar the decay mostly is very low.
The pressure dependence of the auto ignition temperature follows a SEMENOFF correlation. This allows to interpolate and extrapolate (to a certain amount) if 2 (better 3) auto ignition temperatures at elevated pressures are known. More (PDF, 28 kB)

Last Update:

12-Sep-2006

Project

Financed by:
  • Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG)
Research institution(s):
  • Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Braunschweig (PTB)
Branche(s):

-cross sectoral-

Type of hazard:

dangerous substances

Catchwords:

Brand- und Explosionsschutz, Lösungsmittel, Physikalische Faktoren

Description, key words:

solvent vapour, ignition temperature