Proficiency testing for metals

Production of the sampling media

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Wind tunnel and measurement chamber at IGF
Source: IGF Technikum Dortmund.

Filter samples bearing metal particles will be shipped. Sampling is performed by means of the total dust sampling system (GSP) on cellulose-nitrate filters (pore size: 8 µm; diameter: 37 mm) [1].

These samples are produced at the Institute for the Research of Hazardous Substances (IGF) of the German Social Accident Insurance Institution for the raw materials and chemical industry (BG RCI) in Dortmund. Aqueous metal salt solutions are pyrolysed by means of a flame generator. The resulting metal oxide particles are passed at a defined air flow rate through a steel tube (wind tunnel) with a length of 20 m and a diameter of 0.5 m (see figure). This tube opens into a measurement chamber with a volume of approximately 20 m³ in which the sampling units are located. Homogeneous distribution of the particles is assured at all points within the measurement chamber [2].

The concentrations are to be within a range of 0.1 to 2 times the applicable limit values (see table below). In consideration of the analytic performance of the analysis methods to be employed, deviating concentration ranges are expected to be selected for cobalt and nickel. These will be made known in good time.

The analysis method (AAS methods, ICP) may be selected freely. The recommended digestion method is that published by the DFG (the German Research Foundation) [3] and the IFA folder No. 6015 [4] for the digestion of metal dusts.

In this IFA folder an open digestion and a microwave digestion can be used. In a comparative study it could be shown that both digestion methods can be used equivalently [5].

Each participant receives a sample kit comprising:

  • Three loaded sample carriers, and
  • Four unloaded sample carriers for blank value adjustment.

Limit values for metals in Germany

Metal Limit value in mg/m3
Zn 0.1 [6]
Cu 0.01 [6]
Pb 0.1 [6]
Ni 0.006 [6]
Co 0.0005 [7]

Sources

[1] Ringversuch Metalle auf Filtern (Kennzahl 1630-4) In: IFA-Arbeitsmappe Messung von Gefahrstoffen.

[2] Monsé, C. et al.: Development and Evaluation of a Nanoparticle Generator for Human Inhalation Studies with Airborne Zinc Oxide. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 48 (2014) Nr. 4, S. 418-426

[3] Aufarbeitungsverfahren für Stäube zur Bestimmung des "Gesamtmetallgehaltes". In: DFG, Analytische Methoden zur Prüfung gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe, Luftanalysen. Band 1: Spezielle Vorbemerkungen, Abschnitt 4 "Probenahme und Bestimmung von Aerosolen und deren Inhaltsstoffen". 14. Lfg. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 2005, S. 31-32

[4] Aufarbeitungsverfahren zur Analytik metallhaltiger Stäube, Methodik zur Bestimmung des "Gesamtmetallgehaltes" (Kennzahl 6015) In: IFA-Arbeitsmappe Messung von Gefahrstoffen.

[5] Pitzke, K.; Gusbeth, K.; Hebisch, R.; Kirchner, M.; Schuh, C.; Schwank, T.; Sonnenburg, R.; Timm, K.; Breuer, D., Projektstudie: Vergleich von Aufschlussverfahren für die Bestimmung des Gesamtmetallgehaltes in Staubproben (PDF, 406 kB) Teil 2: Ringversuch Teil 1, DFG-Arbeitsgruppe "Luftanalysen", Gefahrstoffe - Reinhaltung der Luft 78 (2018) Nr. 4, S. 138-151.

[6] GESTIS International Limit Values

[7] Technische Regeln für Gefahrstoffe:Tätigkeiten mit krebserzeugenden Metallen und ihren Verbindungen (TRGS 561), Ausg. 10/2017.

Contact

Division 2: Chemical and biological hazards

Brigitte Maybaum
Krista Gusbeth
Franziska Nürnberger