For the registration of each substance under the European chemicals regulation REACH, manufacturers or importers have to quote assessment benchmarks on which the protective measures are based. Among these assessment yardsticks are Derived No-Effect Levels (DNELs). The REACH regulation defines them as exposure levels beneath which a substance does not harm human health.
The key element of the GESTIS DNEL database is the DNEL list of the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV). This list is based on a compilation conducted by the social accident insurance institution for the construction industry which makes available workplace-related DNELs that have been established by manufacturers and importers on their own responsibility and are published in this form by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).
The DGUV DNEL list currently contains DNELs for workers (local and/or systemic effects during long-term inhalation exposure) for roughly 3,600 substances. If different DNELs are published for a single substance, they are presented side-by-side. Carcinogens are specially marked. For substances that are readily amenable to chemical characterisation, important aids to identification (synonyms, index numbers and formulae) are additionally provided on a separate datasheet. If there is also a workplace limit value that is binding in Germany, this is given in the datasheet. A link is provided to further substance-specific data of the GESTIS substance database.
The DGUV list also includes DNELs for complex substance groups, resins, fats, reaction mixtures and other imprecisely defined substance entries.
The GESTIS DNEL Database has been produced and is maintained by the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance (IFA) in conjunction with the German Social Accident Insurance Institutions and the representatives of the German regional governments, the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), the association of the German chemical industry (VCI) and the Austrian General Accident Insurance Board (AUVA).
The body of data is made available for the purpose of occupational safety and health. Commercial use of the data and their incorporation in full or in part into other information systems is not permitted. The data may be quoted on a limited scale with statement of the "GESTIS DNEL Database" as the source. Care has been taken in preparation and maintenance of the data contained in the GESTIS DNEL Database. No liability can however be assumed for these data on whatever legal basis.
Around 230 new substances have been added. For around 260 substances, either the existing DNEL value has changed, a value has been added or deleted, or the substance has been deleted altogether owing to a DNEL value no longer being assigned to it.
Tynkkynen, S.; Santonen, T.; Stockmann-Juvala, H.: A Comparison of REACH-Derived No-Effect Levels for Workers with EU Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values and National Limit Values in Finland. Ann Occup Hyg 59 (2015) No. 4, pp. 401-415
Schenk, L.; Deng, U.; Johanson, G.: Derived No-effect Levels (DNELs) under the European Chemicals Regulation REACH – An Analysis of Long-term Inhalation Worker-DNELs Presented by Industry. Ann Occup Hyg 59 (2015) No. 4, pp. 416-438
Schenk, L.; Palmen, N.; Theodori, D.: Evaluation of worker inhalation DNELs (PDF, 545 KB). Part A: Quality assessment of a selection of DNELs. Part B: Discussion paper on the possibilities to improve the overall quality of DN(M)ELs. RIVM Letter report 110001001/2014. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven/The Netherlands 2014
Hammerschmidt, T.; Marx, R.: REACH and occupational health and safety. Environmental Sciences Europe 26 (2014) No. 6
Scheffers, T.; Wieling, G.: Careful with that DNEL, Occupational Hygienist! (PDF, 1.4 MB) BOHS Exposure Magazine 3 (2014) No. 6, pp. 39-40
Nies, E.; Musanke, U.; Püringer, J.; Rühl, R.; Arnone, M.: DNELs for workplaces – observations from an inspection of the DGUV DNEL list (PDF, 419 kB). Gefahrstoffe - Reinhaltung der Luft 73 (2013) No. 11/12, pp. 455-462
Further publications (in German)